Thomas Hinckley (1618 - April 25, 1706) was the governor of the Plymouth Colony and held several other governmental positions during his lifetime, including that of a representative, a deputy, magistrate, and assistant, among others. A monument, created in 1829 at the Lothrop Hill cemetery in Barnstable, Massachusetts, attests to his "piety, usefulness and agency in the public transactions of his time."
Hinckley was born in England and migrated to Scituate with his parents, Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, in 1635. In 1639, he moved from Scituate to Barnstable, where he assumed multiple positions in the government of Plymouth colony. The following is a list of his roles in government and the time he occupied each:
- Deputy (1645)
- Representative (1647)
- Magistrate and assistant (1658 - 1680)
- Deputy governor (1680)
- Governor (1681 - 1692)
- Commissioner on the central board of Plymouth and Massachusetts colonies (1673 - 1692)
- Councillor (1692 - ?)
Hinckley married twice; first on December 6, 1641 to Mary Richards, and again to Mary SMITH widow of Nathaniel GLOVER on March 15, 1659. He may have had as many as 17 children; different sources disagree on the exact number. One of his children, Samuel Hinckley (whose mother was Mary Richards), was a direct ancestor of Presidents, George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush and president-elect Barack Obama, as well as an ancestor of the former president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Gordon B. Hinckley.
10th great grandmother Mary SMITH GLOVER HICKLEY first married in 1652 our 10th great grandfather Nathaniel GLOVER they had 3 children. They were 1-Nathaniel Glover Jr. who married Thomas Hinckley and Mary Richards youngest daughter Hannah Hinckley, 2- John Glover, and 3- our grandmother Ann GLOVER who married William RAWSON son of Edward RAWSON. (Ann Glover and William RAWSON had 20 children.) Our 10th great grandfather Nathaniel GLOVER died in 1657. His widow Mary SMITH GLOVER then married in 1659 the widower Thomas Hinckley. Thomas and his first wife Mary Richards had 8 children. Mary SMITH GLOVER HINCLEY had 9 more children with her second husband Thomas Hinckley.