Saturday, March 7, 2009

Early America - Massachusetts Bay Colony - John GLOVER


ship similar to the John and Mary 1630

11th great grandfather John GLOVER, immigrated from England to the Plymouth Colony, 1630 sailed on the John and Mary with wife Ann and three children 1 year old John, 2 year old Habackuk, and 3 year old Thomas who later inherited the estate in Lancashire, England. Our 10th great grandfather Nathaniel Glover was born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony the year of his parents arrival. The youngest child (Rev) Pelatiah GLOVER would be born 7 years later.

Ancestral chain: Hon. John GLOVER (1600-1652) and Ann; Nathaniel GLOVER(1630-1657) and Mary SMITH (1630-1703); Ann GLOVER (1656-1730) and William RAWSON (1651-1726); Nathaniel RAWSON, Hathaniel RAWSON, Abner RAWSON (Rev. War Vet.), Amariah RAWSON, Adaline RAWSON, Mary DUNN, Harriett Camilla ENSIGN, George Ensign SMITH, Camilla SMITH, Lark, JR.

I have been typing parts of our family history form the following book. Pardon the type "O." I will add a couple more posts from this book.

Glover Memorials and Genealogies
by Anna Glover

Boston: David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1867.
PART 1.
Glovers of England, pg 1
First Generation in New England.
Mr. John Glover, of Rainhill Parish, Lancashire, England, and of Dorchester and Boston in New England, and his firve sons, pg. 39

Second Generation.
IV. Mr. Nathaniel Glover, of Dorchester, and his Descendants, pg. 162 (post to be added)
________
________
Descendants of the Fourth son, Mr. Nathaniel Glover.
Third Generation, pg. 176 (post to be added)
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(Pg 39 Glover Memorials and Genealogies by Anna Glover)

JOHN GLOVER, OF PRESCOT, ENGLAND,
AND OF DORCHESTER AND BOSTON IN NEW ENGLAND.

(Pg 39 Glover Memorials and Genealogies by Anna Glover)
(4) John Glover, the eldest son of Thomas and Margery (Deane) Glover, was born at Rainhill parish, Prescot, Lancaster County, England, August 12, 1600, and died in Boston, in New England, “11, 12, 1653,” in his fifty-fourth year.

By his father’s will he came into possession of large estates in England, situated in Rainhill, Eccleston, Knowlesby, and other places. Being the eldest son he inherited a double portion by right of primogeniture, and was named as an executor, with his mother, to carry out the provisions of that will -- although at that time (1619) he was not of full age.

He appears to have attained the age of manhood at Rainhill, living on his estates there, and was married to Anna _______, about 1625. He had three children born and baptized in that Parish, the last in 1629. Previous to that, in 1628, his name appears on the Records of the “London Company, organized at London in 1628. He was a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of London, established there at a very early date, and was a Captain of that company. He was also a member of a Lodge of Freemasons, and in fellowship with them before his emigration. He was sometimes called “the Worshipful Mr. Glover.”

So much has been said and written of the London company, formed in England in 1628, its origin, its objects, present and prospective--of the early planting of New England and the worthy gentlemen who joined themselves to that company; its whole history has been so many times brought before the historic reader in the various accounts of New England, that it may be deemed superfluous to attempt further notice of this matter, in these memorials. But as the
(Pg 40 Glover Memorials and Genealogies by Anna Glover)
following pages are designed to notice and give an account of one of the members of that Company who came to New England, and for the benefit of whose descendants this work has been chiefly prepared, it is hoped that a few dates and facts selected from some of the most faithful and reliable writers on that subject, and which will help to explain the condition, motives, and social position of their honored ancestor (Mr. John Glover), will be generously allowed by them.

In 1628, three years after his marriage, the name of John Glover spears on the records of the London company, which was being organized at London for the purpose of emigration to New England.

“May, 1628, London, England.
“Allotments of land to the adventurers for New England who intend to become planters there. The following is a list of the names of the Joint-stock company, and their subscription to that stock.”

Sir Richard Saltonstall, Knight, 100 [pounds]
Isaac Johnson, Esq., 100
Mr. Samuel Aldersey, 50
John Venn, 50
Hugh Peters, 50
John Humfrey, 50
Thomas Stevens, 50
George Harwood, 50
John Glover, 50
Matthew Craddock, 50
Simon Whetcomb, 50
Francis Webb, 50...

(Pg 42 Glover Memorials and Genealogies by Anna Glover)
…The Gentlemen who composed this company, which had been formed in London, and who afterwards emigrated to New England and became the first planters of the Colony there, it is recorded were strictly and devotedly religious Non-conformists. They were styled Puritans, from their strict adherence to the doctrines of religion, and from their having set themselves apart to promote a holy work -- that of planting a colony for religious growth and freedom. They were all members of some church in England previous to their embarkation, and those of their company who came out under Gov. Winthrop, net together at Plymouth, a seaport town in England, and formed themselves into a church body gathered from other churches. They elected their ministers, and assembled themselves together at the new Hospital in Plymouth, the Sabbath previous to their departure fro New England, and bound themselves together in Christian unity and love. A sermon was preached to them by the Rev. John White, and instructions given in relation to the future course to be pursued. The ship which was to take them to New England was at this time waiting in the downs, to receive them and bear them to their destination.

It is recorded that the Dorchester Company came in the Mary and John, which set sail from England the 20th of March, 1629-30, commanded by Capt. Squeb, and who is said to have arrived on the coast on North America the 31st day of May, 1630. The manner in which he treated his passengers, and deceived them by putting them on shore at Nantucket, where he had promised to land them at Charlestown, is too well known to require any detail here. Some of them took boats and found their way to Charlestown; and others,

(Pg 43Glover Memorials and Genealogies by Anna Glover)
Who remained at Nantasket, found out a way to Dorchester Neck, adjoining a place called by the Indians Mattapan, to which they gave the name of New Dorchester, and commenced a settlement about the first of June. The place was afterwards called Dorchester Plantation. The same writer says our people were settled here a month before Gov. Winthrop, and the ships that came with him, arrived.

Mr. Glover came to New England in the Mary and John. It has been questioned by some as to the ship in which he came over, probably on account of a note of Mr. Frothingham, in his History of Charlestown, by which it might appear that he arrived earlier. Frothingham, in a list of those who stayed and became inhabitants of Charlestown in the year 1629, gives the names of Increase Nowell, Esq., Mr. William Aspinwall, Mr. Richard Palsgrave, Edward converse, William Penn, William Hudson, William Blackenbury, and Mr. John Glover. Her also says that Mr. Glover removed to Dorchester, where he became a prominent man, being a Selectman and a Representative from 1637 to 1652. He also writes that Mr. Glover died in 1654, which does not agree with Dorchester Town Records. The above from Frothingham has led many to doubt of his coming over in the Mary and John with the Dorchester Company; but he was always associated with them, his interests were identified with theirs, and he served them in a public capacity until his death, although he had removed to Boston. His name stands among a list of inhabitants at the incorporation of the town of Dorchester in 1631, according to Blake’s Annals. When the Church was re-organized there (in 1636, Richard Mather, Pastor), he and his wife Anna were among the first signers to the covenant. He may have remained in Charlestown until that time, but there is no evidence of it.

He brought over with him a great number of Cattle, and all the provisions and implements, with men servants, to set up and carry on the tanning trade, according to the laws and regulations of the London Company requiring each member to establish some trade on his estate. He selected the business of tanning, and was the first one of the Company who carried on that trade in the Colony. He established it first at Dorchester, very probably as early as the incorporation of the town. The pits still remain to be seen on the land of one of his descendants. He afterwards established the business in Boston, and left it in his will to his second son. A very reliable writer
(Pg 44 Glover Memorials and Genealogies by Anna Glover)
on the early history of New England asserts the following in relatin to Dorchester: “The first inhabitants of Dorchester were a godly and religious people, and many of them persons of note and figure, being distinguished by the title of Master or Mr., which but few in those days were. Their ministers were the Rev. John Maverick and the Rev. John Warham. Others of note, who came passengers in the Mary and John, were as follows: --Mr. Newbury, Mr. Rossiter, Mr. Ludlow, Mr. Glover, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Terry, Mr. Smith, Mr. Gallop, Mr. Duncan, Mr. Hull, Mr. Stoughton, Mr. Cogan, Mr. Hill, Mr. Penney, Mr. Richards, Mr. Way, Mr. Williams, Mr. Tilley and others; Capt. Southcote, Capt. Lovell, and among them came Capt. Roger Clap,” whom he describes as being a very worthy and religious gentleman.

This account may seem to conflict with Mr. Frothingham’s, but the conclusion is that the above is the correct one, as all circumstances confirm it, and it is probable that Mr. Glover was one of those who took boats and went to Charlestown settlements, where were a few English families, and possibly he remained there a short time. It could have been but a short time, as he never removed his family there, or his servants or cattle, nor the goods which he brought over to establish his trade.

He was made Freeman in England before his emigration, and took the oath of allegiance, which exempted him from that ceremony after his arrival here.

The prefix of Mr. He brought with him, and he has been more generally designated by that than any other title. Is was then one of honor and dignity, but has depreciated in its original significance, from its general usage. His armorial bearings were those granted to Thomas Glover, Esq., of the Body of King James I., who was son of Thomas Glover of Coventry in Warwickshire, Knighted 17th of August 1606. “This Coat, with a star for a difference, was confirmed by William Camden, April 3d, 1604, and is a fac-simile of the arms granted to the Somerset Herald, Robert Glover, after being enlarged and improved by Edmondson, with the exception of the star.”

Mr. Glover was called a goodly and upright man. His religion was that of a strict Non-conformist, or Puritan, which appears to have been the ruling motive of his life, and led him to leave his English home and forego all the comforts and conveniences of an English life, to settle on the cold, uncomfortable, cheerless shore of New England.

(Pg 45 Glover Memorials and Genealogies by Anna Glover)
Johnson in his History writes thus of him; -- “Mr. Glover was a man strong for the truth, a plain, sincere and godly man, and of good abilities.” The following lines appear in his work entitled The wonder-working Providence, in which he notices Mr. Glover, with some other of that company who were his associates: --

“And Godly Glover his rich gifts thou gavest,
Thus thou by means thy flock from spoiling savest.”

His age thirty years, well settled in life with a wife and three children (the youngest but a year old), inheriting large landed estates from his father, and living in the enjoyment of a competent estate at the time this enterprise was undertaken, the inquiry naturally arises, what motive could have induced him to choose such a life of hardship and endurance?

His life, after his arrival and settlement at Dorchester, was evidently one of unceasing action and service to the colony. During a period of nearly eighteen years his name appears not only as a public officer in Dorchester, but in other towns, among those who sat in judgment. In Salem, Charlestown, Cambridge, and at Barnstable and other places in the Plymouth Colony, he was frequently called in council in cases which required judicial decisions.

The following references to Mr. Glover are from various documents.

1631. “A shallop of Mr. Glover’s was cast away on the rocks about Nahant. Crew all saved.”
1636. Mr. Glover was chosen one of the Selectmen for the town of Dorchester, and continued to fill that office until his removal to Boston about 1650. He was Representative to the General Court at boston from 1636 to 1652, when he was chosen an Assistant.

1649. John Glover’s house is said to have been situated at the head of the dock in Boston, but his name appears to continue on the Town records of Dorchester until after that time.

[These records continue from page 45 to page 50.]

[John GLOVER conveyed to his eldest son, Thomas Glover, the title and possession of all his estates in Lancashire, England, by deed in 1652. See page 50-53.]
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Ancestry Chain: Hon. John GLOVER Immigrant, Nathaniel GLOVER-4275 b.1630, Ann GLOVER-4266 b.1656, Nathaniel RAWSON-4261 b.1689, Nathaniel RAWSON-4258 b.1716, Abner RAWSON Rev.WarVet.-3685 b.1764, Amariah RAWSON-3683 b.1787, Adaline RAWSON-3132 b.1811, Mary DUNN-145 b.1833, Harriett Camilla ENSIGN-31 b.1859, George Ensign SMITH b.1898, Camilla SMITH b.1926, Lark, JR.

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